Sharabha Avatar Biography or History

Sharabha Avatar Biography or History

Sharabha is a beast in Hindu mythology that is pension lion, portion bird and portion human. According to Sanskrit literature, Sharabha is an eight-legged creature, mightier than a lion and elephant and which can kill the lion. Sharabha, can sure a valley in one hop. In the following literature, Sharabha is described as an eight-legged deer.

Shaiva scriptures narrate that god Shiva assumed the Avatar (incarnation) of Sharabha to pacify Narasimha – the fierce man-lion avatar of Vishnu worshipped by Vaishnava sect. This form is popularly known as Sarabeshwara (“Lord Sarabha”) or Sharabeshwaramurti. The Vaishnavas refute the portrayal of Narasimha as monster destroyed by Shiva-Sharabha and regard Sharabha as a state of Vishnu. Another fable narrates that Vishnu assumed the form of the ferocious Gandaberunda bird-animal to fighting Sharabha. In Buddhism, Sharabha appears in Jataka Tales as a previous birth of the Buddha.

Sharabha along with appears in the emblem of State processing of the Indian express of Karnataka, University of Mysore and the Karnataka Soaps and Detergents Limited.

Shiva’s incarnation

In Puranic literature, Sharabha is joined behind god Shiva, who incarnates to subdue fierce manifestations of Vishnu. The legend of Sharabha procedures Narasimha – the man-lion form of Vishnu – brings to fore the overt rivalry surrounded by the devotees of Vishnu (Vaishnavite sect) and those of Shiva (Shaivite sect), which exposes the gory blood-letting aspect. According to Roy, the Narasimha-Sharabha accomplishment may be a Shiva relation of the Vedic symbol of Vishnu piercing the board. Shiva Purana describes Sharabha as thousand-armed, lion-faced and taking into account matted hair, wings and eight feet. Sharabha Upanishad portrays Sharabha subsequent to two heads, two wings, eight legs of the lion behind than capable claws and a long tail. Kalika Purana describes Sharabha as black in colour, taking into consideration four feet downwards and four feet uplifted, once a big body. It afterward has a long position and nose, nails, eight legs, eight tusks, a cluster of mines, and a long tail. It jumps tall repeatedly making a noisy cry.

Two-headed Sharabha went four legs.

The iconography of Sharabeshwaramurti (Shiva as Sharabha) is specifically defined in texts such as Khamikagama and Sritattvanidhi. In Khamikagama, Sharabha is described in the form of a bird considering golden colour, in the vibes of two uplifted wings, two red eyes, four legs in the form of a lion moving the auditorium, four legs as soon as claws upwards, and following than an animal tail. The zenith share of the body is shown as human but when the position of a lion once a decorated out crown; side tusks are furthermore depicted giving an overall frightening sight. It furthermore shows the Narasimha beneath Sharabhas legs as a lion-faced human taking into account Anjali (hands folded prayer gesture).

In the Sritattvanidhi, the depiction prescribed for Sharabeshwaramurti is of thirty arms; arms vis–vis the order of the right are to allocation thunderbolt, mushy, Abhaya, chakra (discus), Sakti, staff, gold, sword, Khatvanga, axe, Raksha mala, a bone, bow, masala, and blaze; and the left hands to display noose, veranda, mace, arrow, flag, and choice type of sword, a snake, a lotus blossom, skull-cup, Pustaka, plough, and mrudangam when one hand encircling Durga in a hug. This form is extolled to usher amenable luck, cure all diseases and spoil every enemy.

The Chola dynasty in Tamil Nadu was particularly favourable to the beliefs of Shaiva sect. It is said that the sectarian aspect got highlighted during their reign. This is evident from the four Sharabha images, the very old at the Vikramsolishwaram temple close Kumbakonam built by Vikrama Chola (111835). The supplementary images are at Darasuram and Kampahareshvarar temple, Thirubuvanam built by a Chola ruler, Kulottunga Chola III where Sharabha’s image is housed in a remove shrine.

A sculpture of Sharbeshwaramurti in the Tribhuvanam temple, a Shiva temple in Tanjore district, in Tamil Nadu is seen once then three legs, gone body and slant of a lion and a tail. It has four human arms, the right upper hand holds an axe, a noose is held in the demean right hand, the deer in the upper left hand and blaze in the degrade left hand. Narasimha is shown considering eight armsIn the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram, a rare image of the Chola era, in black basalt, depicts Shiva as Sharabha. It is deified in an exclusive little shrine, as allocation man, stir thing and bird, destroying the man-lion incarnation of Vishnu, Narasimha. This highlights the spite along in the midst of the Shaivite and Vaishnavite sects. In the Chennakeshava temple of Belur (1113), Karnataka, Gandaberunda (2-faced bird identified subsequent to Vishnu) depiction is a carved scene of “chain of destruction”. Initially, a deer is prey to a large python, followed by swine lifted by an elephant and a lion attacking the elephant, and the lion shown as devoured by Sharabha.

In iconographic representations of the myth of Shiva vis–vis Vishnu, Sharabha form has been built in the region of Narasimha but substantially embellished as soon as wings to represent Kali and Durga to denote the female powers (shakti) of Shiva; Sharabha is plus shown when then a bird head and a serpent in his beak head.


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