Republic Day 2016

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 Republic Day 
26th January 2016 (Tuesday)

 

Republic Day acknowledges the date on which the Constitution of India came into dominance on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.

The Constitution was approved by the India Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into force on 26 January 1950 with a constitutional government system, completing the country’s transition toward growing an independent republic. 26 January was selected for this mission because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was announced by the Indian National Congress.

It is one of three national festivals in India, the other two being Independence Day and Gandhi Jayanti.

History

India achieved independence from British control on 15 August 1947 coming to the Indian independence movement noted for largely nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience led by Mahatma Gandhi. The independence came through the Indian Independence Act 1947, an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that distribution British India into the two new independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth (later Commonwealth of Nations): India and Pakistan. India won its independence on 15 August 1947 as a constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and Earl Mountbatten as governor-general. The country, though, did not yet have a permanent constitution; preferably its laws were based on the qualified colonial Government of India Act 1935. On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was elected to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr. B R Ambedkar as chairman. While India’s Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day honors of coming into force of its constitution. A draft constitution was made by the committee and submitted to the Assembly on 4 November 1947. The Assembly met, in gatherings open the public, for 166 days, spread over a duration of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution. After many discussions and some changes, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document (one each in Hindi and English) on 24 January 1950. Two days later, it came into impact throughout the nation.
Celebrations

The principal Republic Day celebration is included in the national capital, New Delhi, at the Rajpath before the President of India. On this day, ceremonial parades take place at the Rajpath, which are performed as a recognition to India.

 

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