Merry Christmas 2015

We wish you a Merry Christmas Songs

Merry Christmas
25th December, 2015 (Friday)

Merry Christmas or Christmas Day is an annual festival celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ, commemorated most commonly on December as a religious and cultural observance among billions of people around the world. A feast central to the Christian divine year, it is prepared for by the season of Advent or Nativity Fast and is prolonged by the Octave of Christmas and further by the season of Christmastide. Christmas Day is a public holiday in many of the world’s nations, is dedicated culturally by a large number of non-Christian people, and is an essential part of the Christmas and holiday season.

The celebratory customs connected in various countries with Christmas have a mix of pre-Christian, Christian, and secular themes and origins. Popular modern customs of the holiday include gift-giving, creating an Advent calendar or Advent wreath, Christmas music and caroling, an exchange of Christmas cards, church services, a special meal, and the performance of various Christmas decorations, including Christmas trees, Christmas lights, nativity scenes, garlands, wreaths, mistletoe, and holly. In extension, several closely related and often interchangeable figures, known as Santa Claus, Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, and Christkind, are connected with bringing gifts to children during the Christmas season and have their own body of traditions and lore. Because gift-giving and many other characters of the Christmas festival involve increased financial activity, the holiday has become a meaningful event and a key sales period for retailers and businesses. The economic impact of Christmas is a factor that has grown steadily over the past few centuries in many sectors of the world.

While the month and date of Jesus’ birth are unknown, by the early-to-mid 4th century, the Western Christian Church had placed Christmas on December 25, a date later adopted in the East, although some churches observe on the December 25 of the older Julian calendar, which, in the Gregorian calendar, currently corresponds to January 7, the day after the Western Christian Church observes the Epiphany. The date of Christmas may have originally been chosen to resemble with the day specifically nine months after the day on which early Christians believed that Jesus was formulated,or with one or more ancient polytheistic festivals that befell near southern solstice a further solar relationship has been suggested because of a biblical verse knowing Jesus as the “Sun of righteousness”

Relation to collective celebrations

Earlier to and through the early Christian centuries, wintertime festivals—especially those focused on the winter solstice—were the most successful of the year in many European pagan cultures. Reasons included the fact that less farming work needs to be done during the winter, as well as a belief of better weather as spring progressed. Many modern Christmas customs have been immediately influenced by such festivals, covering gift-giving and merrymaking from the Roman Saturnalia, greenery, lights, and charity from the Roman New Year, and Yule logs and many foods from Germanic meals.

Pagan Scandinavia observed a winter festival called Yule, held in the late December to early January period. The word was in use in Old English by 900, to show Christmastide. The American Heritage Dictionary explains the word as “Christmas or the Christmas season, especially as traditionally observed in Northern Europe and North America with customs originating in part from pagan celebrations of the winter solstice”.

In eastern Europe also, old pagan traditions were combined into Christmas celebrations, an example being the Koleda, which was consolidated into the Christmas carol.

 

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